An understanding of the factors surrounding women’s and men’s health, infections, and hematologic disorders can be critically important to disease diagnosis and treatment in these areas. This importance is magnified by the fact that some diseases and disorders manifest differently based on the sex of the patient.
Effective disease analysis often requires an understanding that goes beyond the human systems involved. The impact of patient characteristics, as well as racial and ethnic variables, can also have an important impact..
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An understanding of the symptoms of alterations in systems based on these characteristics is a critical step in diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. For APRNs, this understanding can also help educate patients and guide them through their treatment plans.
In this Assignment, you examine a case study and analyze the symptoms presented. You identify the elements that may be factors in the diagnosis, and you explain the implications to patient health.
By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to a specific case study scenario for this Case Study Assignment. Please see the “Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignment from your Instructor.
The Assignment (1- to 2-page case study analysis)
In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following:
- The factors that affect fertility (STDs).
- Why inflammatory markers rise in STD/PID.
- Why prostatitis and infection happens. Also explain the causes of systemic reaction.
- Why a patient would need a splenectomy after a diagnosis of ITP.
- Anemia and the different kinds of anemia (i.e., micro and macrocytic)
Case Study Analysis:
Scenario: Jane is a 28-year-old female who presents to the clinic with complaints of abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, and painful urination. She reports having unprotected sex with multiple partners. She is diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
- The factors that affect fertility (STDs): STDs can negatively impact fertility in both men and women. In women, STDs can cause damage to the reproductive system, leading to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In men, untreated STIs can cause inflammation and scarring in the reproductive system, leading to decreased sperm quality and quantity. Common STDs that affect fertility include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.
- Why inflammatory markers rise in STD/PID: STDs and PID can cause an inflammatory response in the body, leading to the production of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). These markers are used to diagnose and monitor the progression of STDs and PID, as well as to assess the effectiveness of treatment.
- Why prostatitis and infection happens. Also explain the causes of systemic reaction: Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that can be caused by a bacterial infection. Common symptoms include pain in the groin or lower back, painful urination, and urinary frequency or urgency. Systemic reactions occur when the body’s immune system responds to the infection, causing symptoms such as fever, chills, and malaise.
- Why a patient would need a splenectomy after a diagnosis of ITP: ITP (immune thrombocytopenia) is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys platelets, leading to a decreased number of platelets in the blood and an increased risk of bleeding. In severe…ORDER CUSTOMIZED ANSWER HERE
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