When politics and medical science intersect, there can be much debate. Sometimes anecdotes or hearsay are misused as evidence to support a particular point. Despite these and other challenges, however, evidence-based approaches are increasingly used to inform health policy decision-making regarding causes of disease, intervention strategies, and issues impacting society. One example is the introduction of childhood vaccinations and the use of evidence-based arguments surrounding their safety.
In this Discussion, you will identify a recently proposed health policy and share your analysis of the evidence in support of this policy.
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Post a description of the health policy you selected and a brief background for the problem or issue being addressed. Which social determinant most affects this policy? Explain whether you believe there is an evidence base to support the proposed policy and explain why. Be specific and provide examples.
- Review the Congress website provided in the Resources and identify one recent (within the past 5 years) proposed health policy.
- Review the health policy you identified and reflect on the background and development of this health policy.
Description of Health Policy: The health policy I have selected is the proposed policy to implement a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax. This policy aims to impose taxes on sugary drinks, such as soda, energy drinks, and fruit drinks, as a means to reduce their consumption and address the rising rates of obesity and related chronic diseases.
Background and Problem: The consumption of sugary beverages has been identified as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic and associated health issues, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and dental problems. The high sugar content, combined with the lack of nutritional value in these drinks, makes them a prime target for public health interventions.
Social Determinant: One social determinant that significantly affects this policy is socioeconomic status (SES). Research has shown that individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds have higher rates of obesity and are more likely to consume sugary drinks due to factors such as lower cost, limited access to healthy food options, and targeted marketing. The SSB tax policy aims to address these disparities by discouraging consumption and promoting healthier choices.
Evidence Base: There is a strong evidence base supporting the proposed SSB tax policy. Numerous studies have demonstrated a positive association between the consumption of sugary beverages and increased risk of obesity and chronic diseases. For example, a systematic review by Malik et al. (2019) found that higher intake of sugary drinks was consistently associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, research studies have shown that price interventions, such as taxes, can effectively reduce the consumption of sugary drinks, particularly among vulnerable populations (e.g., low-income individuals, youth).
The effectiveness of SSB taxes has been demonstrated in various …ORDER CUSTOMIZED ANSWER HERE
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