Our rights our freedoms
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1. Complete the following table comparing the Australian and Chinese political systems:
|Freedom of speech
2. Use the graphic organizer below to compare the similarities and differences between the Australian and Chinese political systems:
3. China and internet censorship
As the citizens of China have become wealthier, there has been an increased number of people who have access to computer technology and the internet. As a consequence, the Chinese government has created over 60 laws and regulations to control and censor the internet. The extensive programming that censors the internet is often referred to as ‘The Great Firewall of China’. China has the most extensive internet censorship in the world. The internet (particularly social media) has become a major forum in which the people of China have criticised the government. In reaction to this growing discontent and expression of anti-CCP commentary, over 2 million police officers have been placed in charge of monitoring internet use. The CCP blocks sites that have pornographic or gambling content; and additionally, sites that advocate for democracy, freedom of speech and report on police brutality are also blocked. At times, international news sites (such as the BBC) are blocked. Key phrases can also be blocked. For example, during the democratic uprising in the Middle East (2011–ongoing), the commonly used phrase to refer to the uprising – ‘The Arab Spring’ – was blocked.
In 2010, human rights activist Liu Xiaobo received the Nobel Prize for human rights. He was unable to receive his prize because he was imprisoned in China for writing poetry that criticised the CCP. During the time of his award, Chinese citizens were unable to search for his name or read information about his Nobel Prize.
a) Outline 5 key ideas or people that the Chinese government wants to censor.
b) Explain why the phrase ‘The Arab Spring’ would be blocked in China.
c) Compare the censorship of the internet in China with Australia. Is it likely that interent censorship would take place in Australia to the same extent? Explain your answer.
a) The Chinese government wants to censor various key ideas or people, including but not limited to:
- Advocacy for democracy: Any content or individuals promoting democratic principles or advocating for democratic reforms are likely to be censored in China as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is an authoritarian regime that tightly controls political discourse and restricts dissent.
- Freedom of speech: Content or individuals that promote freedom of speech or criticize the Chinese government’s policies or actions are likely to be censored, as the CCP aims to maintain strict control over information and suppress dissenting voices.
- Reports on police brutality: Any information or reports that expose instances of police brutality or human rights abuses by the Chinese government or its officials are likely to be censored, as the CCP seeks to maintain a positive image and suppress any negative publicity.
- Tibet and Taiwan independence: Content…GET A COMPREHENSIVE ANSWER HERE
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