Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance


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Antibiotics are medicines substantially used with the aim of preventing as well as treating bacterial infections. The case of antibiotic resistance occurs during a time when bacteria change towards the response to the usage of these types of drugs (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). It is the bacterium that becomes antibiotic-resistant and not the other way round since they affect human and animals causing infections that are severe to treat. Following the continued increase in medical costs, as well as higher mortality rates, the world needs to adjust in the way it prescribes as well as uses antibiotics. The paper intends to explore four critical actions necessary to reduce the increased impact and limit the spread of resistance.

Core Actions to Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Preventing Infections, Preventing the Spread of Resistance

Avoiding the diseases is vital since it leads to a considerable reduction of antibiotics to be consumed, implying that there will be a reduced likelihood that resistance will develop during therapy sessions. It is important to realize that preventing infections leads to preventing the chances of spreading of the resistant bacteria (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). Therefore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) work with the aim of avoiding the antibiotic-resistant infections in various areas. For instance, it needs to focus on healthcare settings, the society, as well as the food.

In the healthcare settings, CDC needs to work harder to prevent the drug-resistant by availing an accurate system that facilitates tracking of the resistance as well as a prescription of various patterns in all sectors of a given country. It also aims at providing positive guidance to healthcare locations through laboratory expertise, infection control orders, and assistance in the implementation of these guidelines (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). The sector intends to use a specific Safety Network that electronically reports infections, as well as the antibiotic use and their resistance. The body also plans to protect multiple patients from infections, through conduction of relevant research to come up with new ways of preventing different diseases (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). Besides, it serves as a given nation’s reference laboratory to find out microorganisms to enhance a country to address the problem areas.

CDC also works to prevent the resistant with the community by ensuring the provision of systems tracks various infections as well as resistance. The society experiences a limited and an interrupted spread of diseases through different ways (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). CDC offers vaccination although there are few available vaccines for the antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Nevertheless, the S. pneumonia vaccine has shown a continued effectiveness in the reduction of the antibiotic resistance rates (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). Besides, the body also encourages the practice of safe sex. The action is as a result of the increase in the spread of the drug-resistant diseases like gonorrhea, which poses so much challenge.

To curb the dissemination of the antibiotic-resistant foodborne infections, the body works correlatively with the State as well as the local health departments. CDC also works in close collaboration with, The United States Food and Drug Administration regulates several foods, the animal feeds as well as other food related products. CDC encourages certain vital efforts directed towards minimization of the inappropriate use of the antibiotics in animals.

Tracking Resistance Patterns

In the continued efforts preventing the resistant antibiotics, the CDC body ensures that it gathers certain necessary data in regards to the resistant infections (Collins).  It also participates in finding out particular risk factors that can facilitate the contraction of the resistant infection. With that kind of information, the body develops appropriate strategies that aim at preventing the infections and reduce the resistance bacteria from widely spreading. CDC has emerged with a Safety Network related to National Healthcare that plays a major towards the achievement of its objectives (Collins). The system enhances the collection as well as the provision of data in regards to infections and drug resistance in the healthcare situations.

The Food Net Network ensures adequate the supply of clinical as well as the epidemiologic data on specific human isolates in the communities.  On the other hand, the Healthcare Associated Infections on Community Interface (HAIC, participates in the provision of the clinical information as well as essential data regarding bacteria and fungi.  The bacteria, as well as the fungi, researched on tend to cause infections at different intersection related to the healthcare and the general community as a whole. Finally, the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) is also another important system that contributes toward the collection and provision of data on the antibiotic-resistance within the healthcare settings (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). NHSN plays a great role towards the collection of data directly from the healthcare facilities. As a result, the Safety Network possesses the ability to provide the facility-level information concerning the infections as well as the antibiotic resistance.

Improving Antibiotic Prescribing

Most likely, among the best actions necessary to mostly slow down the development as well as the spread of the antibiotic-resistance diseases is to adjust the usage of the antibiotics. In most cases, almost up to a half of the various antibiotic usages in both animals and humans is not necessary and is also inappropriate as it makes everyone involved more vulnerable to infections (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). Therefore, engaging in activities that contribute towards reduction of the inappropriate as well as the unnecessary use the drugs significantly help in slowing the continued spread of the resistant bacteria.

The antibiotics are known to be primarily limited as well as exhaustible resources. It implies that the more they are widely used recently, the less likely they will still retain the effectiveness shortly. As a result, doctors and other health practitioners are mainly engaging in the adoption of principles that ensures that every patient retrieves the maximum benefit from the use of the antibiotics (Spellberg et al.). The laws also guarantee that patients do not experience unnecessary harm from various allergic reactions as well as certain side effects.

Developing New Antibiotics and Diagnostic Tests

Since the antibiotic-resistance develops as a result of the certain natural process in which the causation agent evolves, it can only be slowed but not stopped (“CDC’S Role| Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance | CDC”). As a result, there is an increased necessity for an invention of new antibiotics to keep up with the resistant bacteria. There is also a need for new and highly technical diagnostic tests to facilitate the tracking of the development of the resistance (Spellberg et al.).  Besides, the global plans intend to ensure then prevention as well as the treatment of the highly infectious diseases with the help of safe and effective medicines.


In conclusion, from above, it is evident that the ongoing explosion of the antibiotic-resistant infections continues to be a global crisis. Recently, according to the article, an equally alarming decline has been experienced in research as well as in the development of new antibiotics to deal with the rising threat. Besides, if there is a need to address the antibacterial resistance challenge, a special grassroots effort through the community is necessar



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